escrapbooking title

Process: Collection of Scraps

From journaling to interviews, there are many ways to collection information for an e-scrapbooking project. Think of this quest for information as a quest for evidence to support your project.

Start by brainstorming the kinds of information that would be helpful in answering questions or addressing your topic of interest. Go systematically through the entire list and ask yourself what might be interesting or useful to include in a project. For example, if you're focusing on a theme such as peace you might find a poem, piece of art, quote, and photos to express your feelings on the topic.

Use the following resources to help you locate primary resources:

Use the following resources to help you analyze these primary resources:

paper dollsArtifacts and Realia
There are many different kinds of artifacts that can be incorporated into scrapbooks. Some things such as tickets stubs or currency may be placed directed into a scrapbook or digitized using a scanner. Larger items may be photographed.

Read Analyzing Primary Sources (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Artifacts include:

Ancient RhymesAudio and Video
Multimedia is a wonderful tool. Look for ways to combine old and new resources. For example, the book Ancient Rhymes contains a CD with music by John Denver.

Read Analyzing Sound Recording (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Audio includes:

Video includes:

Websites: Spanish American War in Movies from the Library of Congress

Data Collection, Polls and Surveys
Many kinds of original data can be collected. For example, wind meters, PDA probes, and GPS devices can be used to record information for experiments.

Incorporate polls, surveys, and other data collection tools and results. These may take the form of raw data, charts, and graphs. The information may be collected by yourself or others. The information may be the center of a debate, reflection, or thoughts.

Interviews and Oral History
Conversations are a great way to gather information for your project. These discussions can take face-to-face, through e-mail or threaded discussions, or even on the telephone. When possible record the interviews with video or audio equipment. Also, consider "living witnesses" focusing on particular events experienced by people. Consider focus groups to discuss different perspectives or choices.

Read Analyzing Oral History (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Use the following resources to get started:

Whether you keep a daily diary or an ongoing blog, there are many ways to journal your experiences and ideas. These can serve as a great resource for e-scrapbooking activities.

The key to journaling is reflective questioning. Think about your own thinking. This is a "metacognitive" activity. Mull over issues, ponder the possibilities, and speculate on the world's big questions. Your e-scrapbook may take excerpts from your journal. Or, it may "become" your journal.

Read Analyzing Manuscripts (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Use the following resources to get started:

You'll find documents and records in many places.

Families often keep documents. You may find them in a safe deposit box, family bible, or in a shoebox somewhere.

Many organizations keep records. These documents are interesting to explore. Groups include agencies, associations, churches, chambers of commerce, clubs, fraternal organizations, historic societies, and libraries.

Read Analyzing Primary Sources (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Government agencies also keep records. These include:

Much of this information is being digitized and placed on the web.

Visual Materials
From photographs to maps, visuals are an essential element of an e-scrapbook. These images can be digitized in many ways including the use of a digital camera or scanner.

Read Analyzing Maps (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Read Analyzing Photos and Prints (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Read Analyzing Political Cartoons (PDF) from Library of Congress.

For sources of visuals, go to

texturesExplore some of the following types of original visuals that could be digitized for use in an e-scrapbook. Can you guess the objects in the photo on the right? They're from a website that provides backgrounds.

There are many ways to make your digital photographs more interesting. Try some of the following techniques:

Grapes of WrathWritten Materials
From letters to magazine articles, there are many kinds of written materials that can be incorporated into projects. They may be in primary source documents, handwritten materials, typed records, or digital form.

For help with analysis and evaluation, go to

Read Analyzing Books and Printed Materials (PDF) from Library of Congress.

Explore some of the following types of original written materials that could be digitized for use in an e-scrapbook:

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